# 3.2.5. Diabetes¶

## 3.2.5.1. Relative risks and baseline risks¶

Diabetes is not only a disease but also a risk factor. Once an individual develops diabetes, their likelihood of developing other diseases changes. Relative risks are provided for diabetics and non-diabetics (assumed to equal 1), and by gender and age-group.

Relative risks are taken from the following source, .

Table 3.1 Relative risk for diabetes (Men and women aged 50-55)

Diseases

Women

Men

IHD

1.40

1.40

Ischemic Stroke

1.40

1.40

Hemorrhagic Stroke

1.38

1.38

CKD

1.78

1.78

Dementia

1.49

1.49

Lung Cancer

1.49

1.49

Colorectum Cancer

1.49

1.49

Breast Cancer

1.49

1.49

For each disease, the baseline risk is computed as following, with $$\mathbb_{P}(Diab)$$ the prevalence of diabetes obtained with .